SHOPPING & WELLNESS CENTER SOLUTIONS
Lighting is the area where most of the energy is spent in the shopping malls, one of the most important parts of today’s social life. While 50% of the electricity consumed is used for lighting, 67% of this lighting is used in common areas. The use of high efficiency and environmentally friendly LED systems in these structures enables both energy and cost savings of shopping malls and stores to be drastically reduced.
The global space language of shopping malls is based on creating an time-independent and introverted consumption environment with the help of accurate lighting and climate. To support consumer activities. these structures designed together with a story provide a visually comfortable and pleasing environments to users when supported by professional lighting designs. Lighting performs important functions such as bringing the architectural features of the building to the forefront, connecting the different functional parts together, directing them, and giving an identity to shopping malls.
ATRIUM & GALLERY AREAS
Selecting life long and energy saving lighting systems in atrium areas where luminaire access is difficult is ideal for the ease of installation and maintenance. An atrium is a large space that is often covered with glass-panelled steel construction systems to allow the sunlight to reach downstairs. In addition, the design of shopping malls around an atrium allows all floors to be seen at the same time, horizontal and vertical circulation to be easily read. Atriums, which host exhibitions, concerts, fashion shows, contests and other events, have an important place in the space organization as hectic and central areas. While the systems designed in galleries, corridor and circulation areas with narrow spaces provide sufficient lightness, narrow-angle spots and lighting support are required in wide space areas. The RGB stalactite applications changing color depending on the theme of the structure create dynamic and colorful atmospheres by filling large spaces.
CORRIDOR & CIRCULATION AREAS
Ideally, long life products that are compatible with the overall architectural character and suit ceiling and material selections should be preferred in corridors and transit areas. In the shopping malls, the areas that people use extensively consist of rentable areas and circulation areas connecting them. These areas can be defined as the corridors and common areas that people use independently from the stores since their entry into the shopping mall. Attention is paid to creating clear but non-monotonous routes, keeping corridor widths at the optimum level, and planning the vertical circulation areas in a way to support the circulation in a shopping mall. The lighting systems to be designed in these areas should meet both aesthetic and functional needs. The installation of non-glare lighting systems in corridor and circulation areas allows users to shop in relatively comfortable environments. It is also possible to extend the period of stay of the users in the building with the color temperature and lumen changes simulating daylight.
LED systems in wet areas are advantageous in terms of operation and use because of their low energy consumption, ability to turn on/off frequently without losing from the life span. Wet areas, one of the most frequently used areas in shopping malls, have recently been designed as part of the architectural concept by being differentiated in terms of material and design. The stories that are suitable with the theme can be explained more effectively by the lighting design. The use of non-glare lighting luminaires is recommended in these areas. In addition to general lighting, mirror-front lighting provides the desired visual comfort conditions. It is possible to make lighting systems more energy-efficient and more effective with presence sensors. Sensors avoid unnecessary energy consumption in unused areas.
Mirror-front lighting is based on the principle of lighting the face area of the person looking at the mirror in an homogeneously diffused manner not casting a shadow. It is recommended to illuminate this region with light sources located vertically on both sides of the mirror. There are also examples where light sources are used vertically on the mirror or all around the mirror.
Social areas can be considered within the shopping center’s own design character. It is ideal to use non-glare and warm colored products that are integrated with architecture. The dining areas that cater for the needs of the people who spend time in a shopping mall consist of a communal seating area and open-façade dining stores lined up next to each other. These stores include kitchen and storage areas connected by service corridor. In the foodcourt areas, which are designed as large internal spaces so that every store can be recognized from the entrance, the lighting is concentrated on the sitting units. Seating groups designed with furniture and dividing elements can be defined by decorative stalactures, which are differentiated in form and character. For general lighting, it is ideal to use products that are compatible with different ceiling systems and that do not create warm color glare.
For column lighting at shopping malls, different techniques can be used such as hidden lighting, self-illuminating color changing RGB applications, and spot effects and revealing surfaces. In large-space food court areas, the identification of the columns with light makes the visitors feel safe and comfortable, while the repetitive light effects create visual rhythm and organized areas.
In these areas where service is provided to a building, lighting is expected to be long lasting and functional. Service areas are the areas where all units in a shopping mall, such as shops, café-restaurants and entertainment venues, transport goods into/from the shopping mall. The service corridor allows materials to be delivered to the store without disturbing other people in the shopping mall and ruining the operation. Small stores may carry out entry to and exit operations through these service corridors connected with these service areas, while some major stores and hypermarkets may require dedicated service entry and exit areas for them. LED lighting systems integrated with control solutions in these spaces are much more advantageous than conventional lighting systems due to their energy saving and maintenance-free long-term operation.
CAR PARKS & TRANSIT AREAS
The use of lighting luminaries with long lifespan and integrated with control systems saves a large amount of energy in car parks with a short term but frequent use. Given that the shopping malls are visited by most of the customers with their private cars, a convenient and well-lit car park with an easy use can be an advantage for the shopping mall. Vehicle traffic intensity varies in car parks in shopping mall during holidays and at different times of the day. In some unused spaces, keeping the luminaries on for a long time causes unnecessary energy consumption. LED lighting systems integrated with control systems in these spaces are much more advantageous than conventional lighting systems due to their energy saving and maintenance-free long-term operation. It is expected that preferred products in these areas have IP protection class and impact resistance.
EXTERIOR FAÇADE LIGHTING
With a successful lighting design, it is possible to reveal architectural and functional characteristics of structures, and to attract attention to them and direct visitors to the building. Attracting people’s attention to and directing them the shopping mall, and helping them get an idea about the quality of the shopping mall is closely related to how the design of the exterior façade is. Shopping mall, its logos and signs should be considered together with exterior façade materials. Nowadays, more wall surfaces are created in shopping walls where large illuminated signs can be placed. Lighting is an important instrument that can be used to increase the appeal of these structures and to reveal their character and to increase the brand value of shopping malls. Applying façade details and the material selections together with the lighting design from the architectural design ensures that the building achieves an effective and successful appearance.
DMX-controlled RGB applications and media façades offer unlimited design freedom for architects and lighting designers. Media façades designed with LED light sources and combined with façade materials can also reflect the colorful and dynamic atmosphere of the shopping malls to external environment.
It is important that the pedestrian roads and landscaping areas that provide access to the building are illuminated in such a way as to support the direction and provide security. It is expected that the luminaires should have impact and shock resistance to the external environment conditions and high IP protection class. High mast, column and bollard type luminaries can be used for general lighting. It is ideal that the lighting system to be installed at shopping malls does not form sharp-hard shadows. Inadequate lighting and long shadows should be avoided since they create risk of falling particularly in stairs, ramps and car park entrances and exits. They create linear light bands embedded on the floor and point products and direct visitors here. They create rhythmic textures on the floor and ensure organized areas.
Lighting in outdoor car parks is important to minimize the risk of accidents in all circulation areas, mainly entry and exit areas of vehicles. Lighting of the trees and plants used in the landscape arrangement in groups ensures a pleasant and inviting atmosphere for visitors.
Depending on the intensity, the use of dimmable LED systems with control systems prevents unnecessary energy consumption in unused areas.